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Indiana University Bloomington
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Nyabaroga Community. 

The Nyabaroga valley shares some things in common with the Muzizi.  The valley is the reserve boundary, which means the west side of the valley is outside the reserve, while the eastern half is in the reserve.  The chimpanzees of this community were more fortunate than the Muzizi chimps.  When Semliki was being surveyed by the Uganda Wildlife Authority Boundaries Committee, they were amenable to changing the boundary of the reserve to include more of the Nyabaroga valley.  The area where chimpanzees were found was very nearly unpopulated, and local authorities were willing to discuss giving up some land to the reserve.  On September 3, 1997, UWA Boundaries Committee representative Richard Lamprey and Prof. Hunt walked a proposed border with representatives of the local government.  At that time a large number of families were illegally living in the Kyabandara area of the reserve.  Many of these people claimed to have been displaced when the Rwenzori National Park was created.  In any case, the authorities agreed to swap the degraded and heavily populated Kyabandara area for a 5 sq. km area of the Nyabaroga. Prof. Hunt heard abundant pant hoots in Kyabandara in 2010, and rangers report that chimpanzees are often seen in the area, and occasionally crossing the road that runs through the reserve in the area. 

The Nyabaroga area is at most a third the size of the Mugiri community area.  It is a mosaic of forest, open woodland, and wooded grassland, slightly denser on average than the Mugiri area.  It might support a community of 50 individuals.  The population seems relatively safe, and UWA rangers still report pant-hoots there.  It would benefit from either tourist development or an active research project, either of which would offer monitoring of the area and allow a thorough census of the community.